Carnelians have protected and inspired throughout history. Ancient Babylonians, Greeks and Romans wore amulets and talismans made from carnelian stones.
Carnelian is a Zodiac birthstone for the signs of Leo and Virgo.
Carnelian embodies courage, endurance, motivation and leadership. It is said to give protection from negative energy and poverty and support cohesion within a community as well as idealism and pragmatism.
Composed of tiny quartz crystals that cannot be seen with an unaided eye, carnelian is a type of chalcedony.
Like other types of chalcedony, it has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale. With its lack of cleavage, good durability and wide availability, it is a popular and affordable gem.
Carnelian is a glassy, translucent stone, with shades ranging from pale orange to reddish brown. Usually solid in colour, it can contain lighter and darker zones. It is usually cut as cabochons or beads or carved into cameos.