Project Description

CITRINE

loose citrine available to purchase

Citrine is the birthstone for November.

Citrine’s is a variety of quartz. Its attractive colour, durability and the affordability makes it the most popular and frequently purchased yellow to orange gem.

Quartz is the chemical compound, silicon dioxide or silica. It is the second most abundant mineral in Earth’s continental crust, a component in granite, sandstone, schist and shale to name a few.

Pure quartz, traditionally called rock crystal is colourless and transparent or translucent.  The coloured varieties of quartz occur due to built-in trace elements or inclusions of other minerals.

With a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale, many forms of quartz are used as gemstones, and they are all affordable. They are cut into various gemstone cuts and cabochons, and used in all forms of jewelry.  The wide range of colour, lack of cleavage and good durability and wide availability combine to make quartz is a very popular semi-precious gemstone option.

Gemstone varieties are divided into two main groups:
  • Varieties that develop visible crystals or are made of large inter-grown crystals. They tend to be transparent to translucent and include Amethyst, Citrine, Smoky quartz, Rose quartz, Green quartz, Rutilated quartz and Adventurine.

  • Any form of Quartz composed of tiny crystals that cannot be seen with an unaided eye. Known as Chalecedony they tend to be translucent to opaque and include multi-coloured Agate, Carnelian, Tiger’s Eye, Chrysoprase, Onyx and Jasper.

Colour ranges from very pale brownish yellow shades to intense reddish orange hues though the most popular shade is an earthy, deep, brownish or reddish orange.  Citrine is rare in nature and most citrine on the market is heat treated amethyst. It is sometimes confused with yellow topaz.

Much of the faceted citrine in the market is eye-clean, meaning it lacks eye-visible inclusions and any inclusions will decrease its value.

Citrine crystals occur in a wide range of sizes and price per carat does not rise dramatically for larger sizes.  Citrine can be carved, custom-cut, or calibrated for jewelry use. Included citrine is cut as cabochons.

citrine jewellery available to purchase

Gemstone Guide