Carnelian is a July birthstone and the Zodiac birthstone for the signs of Leo and Virgo.

Carnelian has been prized throughout history for its protective qualities and carved carnelian amulets and charms were popular with many ancient cultures. In the early Neolithic period, beads were made from carnelian. In Ancient Egypt, carnelian was closely associated with the sun god, Re, and often used in jewellery. It was especially popular during Roman times in making marriage and seal rings.

Today the finest gems are found in Brazil, Uruguay, India and Madagascar.